Case: Race Horse
Age: 7 years old
Condition: Parrot Mouth
This horse is a young race horse with good body condition that suffers from severe Brachynathism (aka parrot mouth). This is a condition where the mandible is significantly shorter than the maxilla leaving the incisors completely out of occlusion.
Although treatment cannot correct the mis alignment it is sometimes necessary to address the condition to allow the horse free lateral excursion of the mandible and relieve pressure to soft tissue. Great care must be taken performing any reductions with regards to pulp exposure and thermal damage.
This horses molar arcades reflected its incisors. It had large focal overgrowths on the first upper and last lower cheek teeth and also had very excessive transverse ridges throughout the arcades.
As well as incisor treatment we also addressed the cheek teeth however were only able to partially correct due to the size of the overgrowths. We plan to re visit this horse in 4 months to progressively improve its mouth.
Case: Riding School Pony
Age: 20 years old
Condition: Severe Focal Overgrowth
This is an aged riding school pony that is suffering the effects of long term dental neglect. Over a number of months prior to treatment, the pony had begun to show signs of discomfort whilst eating and general unhappiness.
On oral inspection, the main cause was apparent very quickly. Tooth number 106 had a severe overgrowth due to misalignment of the dental arcades and had got to a stage where when trying to masticate food, the offending overgrowth was causing trauma to the opposing mucosa, which can be seen in the picture. Initial treatment involved correction of other minor abnormalities throughout the mouth and an initial reduction of tooth 106.
Immediately the pony was much happier, more comfortable to eat and gained considerable condition.
We have since revisited the pony on a number of occasions to perform stage reductions on the overgrowth, and the picture shows the pony's mouth on our last visit.
Case: Child's Pony
Age: 15 years old
Condition: Oral Tumour
This is a teenage pony that had been suffering from a large tumour surrounding its incisors. The pony had been leaving blood on haynets which was causing concern to its owners, but was still eating well and happy in itself. From the photo, you can see that from the outside, all looks relatively normal, other than the lips being partially separated. When opening the lips the cause was quickly identified and the rostral aspect of the maxillary jaw was very enlarged and sore. It had caused the incisors to divide and when checking for mobility of the teeth, if one moved, they all did. We immediately referred it to a vet, and they came out to x-ray and take a biopsy. The X-ray shows how large the growth was and how it had destroyed the bone.
The treatment was to remove the tumour, leaving the pony with no upper incisors or canines. Since the surgery the pony has adapted amazingly, is still eating and performing well with no change to his external appearance. This is a testament to modern day surgical procedures and also highlights that whilst things can appear fairly normal from the outside, the story can be a whole lot different on the inside. ROUTINE CHECK-UPS A MUST!!